Durban Stadium, Moses Mabhida Arena Building, FIFA World Cup 2010, South Africa
Moses Mabhida Stadium, Durban
South African Sports Venue Building, Location, Capacity
8 Jun 2010
World Cup Stadiums South Africa
There are ten stadiums in the 2010 Soccer World Cup in South Africa
Five of them are new, including this one, the second largest after Soccer City Stadium.
Moses Mabhida Stadium, FIFA World Cup 2010, South Africa
Moses Mabhida Stadium, Durban, South Africa
Design: gmp Architekten von Gerkan, Marg und Partner
In its competition brief of 2006, the city of Durban invited designs for a multi-functional stadium for 70,000 to 85,000 spectators that would become an architectural icon and city landmark.
Our Ibhola Lethu Consortium won the competition to build the new Durban stadium, and was subsequently responsible for the design and the management of construction. This project group consisted of a total of 32 South African architectural firms plus German partners von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp) as consultant architects and Schlaich, Bergermann und Partner (sbp) as conceptual structural engineers.
The Moses Mabhida Stadium is situated on an elevated platform in the central sports park on the shore of the Indian Ocean, and is accessed from the city and station via a broad flight of steps. A 105m arch rises high over the stadium as a landmark visible from afar.
The main entrance at the south end of the 1.5km long linear park symbolizes the stadium’s gateway to the city, and is formed by the bifurcation of the huge arch. At the northern end, a cable car transports visitors to the ‘Skydeck’ at the apex of the arch. From here, you get a panoramic view of the city and the Indian Ocean.
The arch flags the presence of the new stadium, making it an evocative icon on Durban’s urban skyline, interpreted by the multi-ethnic population as a unifying rainbow and, seen from above, a representation of the national flag.
For the 2010 World Cup, the stadium will be fitted with seating for 70,000 spectators. Afterwards, the number will be reduced to 56,000, but can be temporarily increased to as many as 85,000 for major events.
The multi-purpose stadium not only meets FIFA requirements but can also host the Commonwealth Games or Olympic Games. The building offers excellent conditions for participants, journalists and spectators, with VIP facilities, the President and Ocean Atriums (both over six stories high), clubrooms and 130 spectator boxes.
The shape of the bowl results from the interaction of the circular roof structure with the triple-radius geometry of the arena.
The great arch carries the weight of the inner membrane roof. The unusual geometry of the cable system is derived logically from the structure. Radial prestressing cables are attached to the external edge of the roof all round the stadium and the great arch on one side and the inner edge of the roof on the other, thus forcing the latter into an almond shape. The PTFE-coated roof membrane admits 50% of the sunlight into the arena while also providing shade.
The perforated façade membrane of profiled metal sheeting rises to the outer edge of the roof, forming a lively pattern of light and shadow and offering glimpses of the interior, which lends the stadium a light and airy feel. The compression ring and façade are carried on precast concrete columns below and hollow box steel columns above, the height and angle of inclination varying around the stadium from approx. 30m with a 90° inclination to about 50m with a 60° inclination.
The façade membrane of perforated metal sheeting provides protection against driving rain, strong winds and direct sunlight without excluding the outside world.
Inspired by the typical palette of colors of Durban’s coastal landscape, we chose a “maritime” color scheme for the seat shells, ranging from blue and green to ivory, paling from dark at the bottom to light on the top rows. From a distance, the empty seats in different colors look already occupied, and make a cheerful sight.
The artificial lighting of the stadium is not just functional, but also serves to illuminate the architecture, floodlighting some parts and spotlighting or highlighting others.
The roof surfaces on either side of the great arch are illuminated on top by a line of LEDs mounted directly on the arch. The rest of the roof membrane is lit from below by floodlights installed on the catwalk. Atmospheric quality and functional efficiency combine to put Durban’s new icon in the right light.
Moses Mabhida Stadium, Port Elizabeth, FIFA World Cup 2010, South Africa images / information from gmp Architekten von Gerkan, Marg und Partner
Soccer City Stadium, Johannesburg
Boogertman Urban Edge and Partners in partnership with Populous
image : Boogertman Urban Edge and Partners / Populous
Soccer City Stadium
South Africa World Cup Stadiums – New
Five new football stadiums will be built for the World Cup
Nelson Mandela Metro, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Peter Mokaba stadium, Polokwane, Limpopo (rebuilt)
Moses Mobhida (former King Senzangakhona Stadium), Durban (rebuilt)
Green Point stadium, Cape Town (rebuilt)
South African World Cup Stadium Capacities
South Africa football stadium capacities
95,000 : Soccer City, Johannesburg
70,000 : Moses Mobhida King Senzangakhona Stadium, Durban
68,000 : Green Point stadium, Cape Town
60,000 : Ellis Park, Johannesburg
50,000 : Nelson Mandela Metro, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
45,000 : Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
40,000 : Mbombela, Mpumalanga
40,000 : Peter Mokaba stadium, Polokwane, Limpopo
40,000 : Royal Bafokeng stadium, Rustenburg
40,000 : Vodacom Park, Bloemfontein
Durban Stadium architects (consultant) : von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp)
More information online re South African World Cup Stadiums soon
Location: Cape Town, South Africa
Architecture in South Africa
South Africa Architecture Designs – chronological list
Architecture Walking Tours by e-architect
Football Stadium Buildings
Emirates Stadium building : Arsenal FC, London, UK
HOK Sport Architecture
Emirates Football Stadium Building
Bernabéu Stadion Madrid, redevelopment, Spain
Estudio Lamela Arquitectos
Real Madrid Football Stadium Building
South African Interpretation Centre : WAF World Building of the Year
African Buildings : major developments + building projects in Africa
Comments / photos for the Moses Mabhida Stadium – South African World Cup Architecture page welcome